Auditory Processing


Does your Child…
  • … remember what he/she hears?
  • … have a short attention span?
  • … have the inability to tune out background noise?
  • … have trouble with phonics in reading and spelling?
  • … experience a delay or problem in expressive or receptive language development?
What is a Speech/Lanugage/Cognitive Evaluation?

A comprehensive evaluation utilizes various standardized diagnostic tools, clinical observation, parent, teacher and family interviews to assess the following:Speech-language pathologists

  • Language development, comprehension and expression
  • Cognitive function
  • Articulation (speech sound production)
  • Appropriate use of voice
  • Oral motor development
  • Pragmatic language skills

 

Is Your Child Age Appropriate for the Development of Speech/Language and Cognitive Skills?
Speaking, hearing and understanding are essential to human communication.  Language is our most human characteristic.  It is essential to academic success, learning, working, enjoying family and social life with peers.  When a child cannot understand the language code, there is a Receptive problem.  If a child does not know enough language rules to verbally share thoughts, ideas and feelings completely, then there is an Expressive problem.  One problem can exsist without the other, but they often occur together in children and adults.
Language is a code made up of rules that include:

  •  What words mean
  •  How to make new words
  •  How to combine words together
  •  Determine what word combinations are best in  what situations
  •  Pragmatics (social language skills) Speech is the oral form of language. It consists of the following components:
  •  Articulation, the ability to produce intelligible speech sound production
  •  Voice, appropriate use of quality (resonance), pitch and loudness
  •  Fluency, smooth initiation and flow of connected speech
  •  Oral motor function, the appropriate use of speech and voice muscles
  • cognition is the process of knowing. It is a combination of skills including:  
    • Knowledge acquisition
    • Attention
    • Intuition
    • Memory
    • Language
    • Perception
    • Decision-making
    • Goal setting
    • Problem solving, planning and judgment
What is Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD)?

It seems like it should be easy to:

  • Just listen to what someone is saying and then respond
  • To be able to understand in a noisy group

  • To remember instructions you are given and then carry them out
  • To be able to understand what you read quickly and accurately

But these are amazingly complex processes that involve many aspects of communication function. For some children, those with auditory processing disorders, trying to perform these tasks can be extremely stressful, often producing anxiety.

Furthermore, most of these children have normal hearing; and it’s more than simple distraction. The problem is how the message is handled by the brain. What most people don’t realize is that the problem is more related to poor information processing than hearing. Luckily, there is help. Specialized auditory testing can evaluate the different areas of auditory function such as:

  • Discriminating sounds in quiet and in noise backgrounds
  • Remembering and sequencing auditory information
  • Assigning meaning to bits and pieces of information coming from different locations in the environment simultaneously
These auditory processing skills are the foundation for successful academic performance.